Alphabetic List of Interventions, Treatments and Therapies

This section contains an alphabetic list of interventions, and some specific techniques, designed to help people on the autism spectrum.

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an intervention.

If you know of an intervention which is not listed here please email info@researchautism.net.

Please note that we reserve the right to not include information about an intervention if we do not consider it appropriate.

Showing 1 to 20 of 29 Results

Glossary Item Description

OASIS is an acronym for the Online and Applied System of Intervention Skills distance training program which is designed to teach parents how to implement ABA-based strategies with their children with autism.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy is the assessment and treatment of physical and psychiatric conditions using specific, purposeful activity to prevent disability and promote independent function in all aspects of daily life.

Ocular Light Therapy

Ocular light therapy is a form of lightwave stimulation in which an individual looks at coloured light produced by a special machine called a lumatron or a photron light stimulator.


Oestrogen is a hormone which is used to treat a range of medical issues in women.


Olanzapine is a type of atypical antipsychotic drug which is sometimes used to treat problem behaviours in people on the autism spectrum.


Omega 3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids, essential to good health.

On the Job Training

On the job training means training someone to do a job while they are actually doing that job, as opposed to training them how to do the job while they are still at school or college.

Online and Applied System of Intervention Skills Distance Training Program

The Online and Applied System of Intervention Skills (OASIS) distance training program is designed to teach parents how to implement ABA-based strategies with their children with autism.

Online Communities

Online communities are composed of individuals who communicate with one another on a regular basis using online tools, such as forums, bulletin boards, listservs and some blogs.

Ontario Preschool Autism Initiative

The Ontario Preschool Autism Initiative is an early intensive behavioural intervention provided by the provincial government in Ontario.

Operant Conditioning

Operant conditioning is a technique in which desired behaviours are systematically reinforced through rewards (such as praise or food) and undesired behaviours are ignored or redirected.

Opioid Antagonists

Opioid antagonists are morphine-like substances which can be used to block the effect of endorphins in the central nervous system.

Optimal Cell Support Glyconutrients

Optimal cell support glyconutrients is another term for glyconutrients, a form of monosaccharide sugars.

Options Method or Program

The Options Method or Program is sometimes used as another name for the Son-Rise Program, although it is actually a different programme run by the same company.


Orap is a brand name for pimozide, a conventional antipsychotic used to treat motor or verbal tics caused by Tourette's disorder.


Oregano is a herb which is sometimes used as an antifungal treatment.


Organotherapy is another name for stem cell therapies, in which processed tissue from animal embryos, foetuses or organs, is injected or taken orally.

Orthodox Medicine

Orthodox medicine is another term for standard health care, the medicine practiced by doctors and by allied health professionals (such as nurses, occupational therapists etc) which is based on sound scientific evidence.

Orthomolecular Therapy

Orthomolecular therapy is another term for the use of vitamins and minerals as a therapeutic tool.


Osteopathy is a system of diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of medical conditions.


The fact that an intervention or technique is listed here does not necessarily mean that we support its use. Nor does it mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.

Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions and techniques in this section, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. You can find details of the interventions we have already ranked in Our Evaluations of Autism Interventions, Treatments and Therapies.

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21 Jun 2018