Alphabetic List of Interventions, Treatments and Therapies

This section contains an alphabetic list of interventions, and some specific techniques, designed to help people on the autism spectrum.

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an intervention.

If you know of an intervention which is not listed here please email info@researchautism.net.

Please note that we reserve the right to not include information about an intervention if we do not consider it appropriate.

Showing 20 to 40 of 63 Results

Glossary Item Description
Eicosapentaenoic Acid

Eicosapentaenoic acid is a type of omega 3 fatty acid found in some foodstuffs such as fish oil.


EIRP is an acronym for the Early Intervention Readiness Program, a family support programme developed in response to the limited availability of comprehensive and individualized support for families in Australia during the challenging post-ASD diagnosis period.

Electro-Convulsive Therapy

Electro-convulsive therapy is an  intervention in which seizures are induced by passing electricity through the brain of an anaesthetised individual.

Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction is another name for transcranial magnetic stimulation, a procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain.

Elephant Therapy

Elephant therapy is an intervention based around the use of elephants and elephant sound.


Eligard is a brand name of leuprolide, a drug which turns off the production of testosterone.

Elimination Diet

An elimination diet is a type of diet, in which the individual avoids foodstuffs containing certain things, such as gluten or casein, which are believed to be harmful to that individual.

Embryonic Cell Therapy

Embryonic cell therapy is another term for cell therapy, which includes a variety of procedures in which processed tissue from animal embryos, foetuses or organs, is injected or swallowed.


EMDR is an acronym for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, a treatment in which the therapist moves her fingers back and forth in front of your face and asks you to follow these hand motions with your eyes while recalling a disturbing event.

Emotion-Based Social Skills Training programme

The Emotion-Based Social Skills Training programme is a social skills group designed to improve emotional competence in school-aged children on the autism spectrum.

Emotional Freedom Technique

Emotional freedom technique is a form of acupressure, a therapy which involves placing physical pressure on different acupuncture points on the surface of the body.

Emotional Shuttling

Emotional Shuttling is another term for holding therapy, an intervention which consists of forced holding by a therapist or parent until the child stops resisting or until a fixed time period has elapsed.


An endorphin is natural chemical which acts as a neurotransmitter, pain killer and sedative.

Energy Medicine

Energy medicine involves the manipulation of various energy fields, which may or may not be measurable.

Enhancing Interactions Program

The Enhancing Interactions program is an intervention designed to help parents of young children on the autism spectrum.

Enriched Environment

Enriched environment is another term for a multi-sensory environment, a specially designed space which contains equipment and materials designed to stimulate the senses.

Environmental Arrangement

Environmental arrangement alters the physical, social, or programmatic aspects of classrooms to increase task engagement, facilitate prosocial behaviors, and reduce or prevent the challenging behaviors of children and youth.

Environmental Modification

Environmental modification is the process of changing something outside the individual which may influence how that individual behaves.

Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization

Enzyme potentiated desensitization is a form of allergy treatment or immunotherapy which uses extremely small doses of allergens to desensitize people to their allergies.


Enzymes are proteins that control the speed of chemical reactions in your body.


The fact that an intervention or technique is listed here does not necessarily mean that we support its use. Nor does it mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.

Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions and techniques in this section, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. You can find details of the interventions we have already ranked in Our Evaluations of Autism Interventions, Treatments and Therapies.

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21 Jun 2018