Alphabetic List of Interventions, Treatments and Therapies

This section contains an alphabetic list of interventions, and some specific techniques, designed to help people on the autism spectrum.

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an intervention.

If you know of an intervention which is not listed here please email info@researchautism.net.

Please note that we reserve the right to not include information about an intervention if we do not consider it appropriate.

Showing 40 to 60 of 103 Results

Glossary Item Description
Physical Therapies

Physical therapies are a wide range of interventions involving the body, including physiotherapy, exercise and sports.


Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is based on the idea that human movement is central to the health and well-being of individuals.


Phytomedicines is another name for botanicals, products made from plants or plant parts that are used to maintain or improve health.


PIC is a term sometimes used to describe picture-based augmentative and alternative communication systems other than the Picture Exchange Communication System.

Picture Exchange Communication System

The Picture Exchange Communication System, also known as PECS, is a form of augmentative and alternative communication in which a child is taught to communicate with an adult by giving them a card with a picture on it.

Picture Rehearsal

Picture rehearsal is an instructional strategy that uses repeated practice of a sequence of behaviors by presenting the sequence to the individual in the form of pictures and accompanying script.

Picture Symbols

Picture symbols are line drawings, which are usually accompanied by the written word, used to enhance the spoken word.

Picture-in-the-Head Training

Picture-in-the-head training is a form of theory of mind training, an intervention which teaches individuals how to work out what other people may be thinking and feeling,

Pig Whipworm Larvae

Pig whipworm larvae, also known as trichuris suis ova, are the eggs of this parasite which are sometimes used as a treatment for gastro-intestinal and immune problems.


Pimozide is a conventional antipsychotic used to treat motor or verbal tics caused by Tourette's disorder.


Pioglitazone is a drug which is used with a diet and exercise programme and sometimes with other drugs to treat type 2 diabetes.


Piracetam is a drug, sometimes taken as a dietary supplement, which is designed to protect the cerebral cortex in the brain against a deficiency of oxygen.

Pivotal Response Treatment

Pivotal response treatment (previously known as pivotal response training or the natural language paradigm) is a form of teaching in which the teacher concentrates on changing certain 'pivotal' behaviours, such as motivation and self-management.

Play and Language for Autistic Youngsters Project Home Consultation program

The Play and Language for Autistic Youngsters (PLAY) Project Home Consultation program is a combined, mutiple-component parent-mediated intervention focussed on social reciprocity.

PlayWisely program

The PlayWisely Program is a comprehensive, multi-component programme designed to help children between the ages of four months and three years.

Point and Click Software

Point and click software describes computer applications which work when the operator uses a mouse to point at and click on something on the computer screen.


Pondimin is a brand name for fenfluramine hydrochloride, an indirect 5-HT receptor agonist that was used as an anoretic i.e. an appetite reduction drug.


Portage is a home-visiting educational service for pre-school children with additional support needs and their families.

Portage Guide to Early Intervention

Portage Guide to Early Intervention is another term for portage, a home-visiting educational service for pre-school children with additional support needs and their families.

Positive Behavioural Support

Positive behavioural support is a process in which individuals are assisted in acquiring adaptive, socially meaningful behaviours and encouraged to overcome maladaptive behaviours.


The fact that an intervention or technique is listed here does not necessarily mean that we support its use. Nor does it mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.

Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions and techniques in this section, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. You can find details of the interventions we have already ranked in Our Evaluations of Autism Interventions, Treatments and Therapies.

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21 Jun 2018