Antidepressants and Autism

Antidepressants are medications which are used to treat people with depression, anxiety or other mental health problems.

The main classes of antidepressants are

  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOIs (which include isocarboxazid, phenelzine, selegiline and tranylcypromine).
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Enhancers or SSREs (which include tianeptine)
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs (which include citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, mirtazapine, paroxetine, and sertraline)
  • Tricyclics (which include amitriptyline, amoxapine, clomipramine, dosulepin, doxepin, imipramine, lofepramine, mianserin, nortriptyline, trimipramine, and trazodone)
  • Other types, such as noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitors and other drugs, such as lithium

Each of these sub-types is sold under a variety of brand names. For example prozac is one of the brand names for fluoxetine. Some people believe that they can also be used to treat people on the autism spectrum who have other problems, such as repetitive behaviours or difficulties with social interaction.

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18 Jun 2018