Antibiotics and Autism

Antibiotics are a class of drugs used used to treat, and in some cases prevent, bacterial infections.

They can be used to treat relatively mild conditions such as acne as well as potentially life-threatening conditions such as pneumonia.

There are a number of different antibiotics including amoxicillin, cefixime, cycloserine, itraconazole, metronidazole, minocycline, rapamycin and vancomycin, each of which is sold under a variety of brand names.

  • Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. Amoxicillin is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as pneumonia; bronchitis; gonorrhea; and infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin
  • Cefixime is an antibiotic sold under a variety of brand names including Suprax. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria such as pneumonia; bronchitis; gonorrhea; and ear, lung, throat, and urinary tract infections.
  • Cycloserine is an antibiotic which prevents tuberculous bacteria from growing in your body. Cycloserine is used to treat tuberculosis (TB).  It is also sometimes used to treat urinary tract and other types of infections that have not responded to other treatments.
  • Minocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic sold under a variety of brand names including Dynacin and Minocin.It is used to treat bacterial infections including pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections; acne; and infections of skin, genital, and urinary systems.
  • Rapamycin is a type of antibiotic, a type of immunosuppressant, and a type of serine/threonine kinase inhibitor.Rapamycin is used to keep the body from rejecting organ and bone marrow transplants.Rapamycin blocks certain white blood cells that can reject foreign tissues and organs. It also blocks a protein that is involved in cell division. Rapamycin is now called sirolimus.
  • Vancomycin is in a class of medications called a glycopeptide antibiotic. It is used to treat colitis (inflammation of the intestine caused by certain bacteria) that may occur after antibiotic treatment.

Some people believe that antibiotics can also be used to reduce some of the core symptoms of autism, such as social and communication difficulties and repetitive, compulsive behaviour.

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16 Jun 2018