Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants affect the action of certain chemicals in the brain, allowing us to control how we pay attention and organise our behaviour.
There are two main groups of psychostimulant medication: methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine. These are used to treat conditions such as ADHD, hyperkinetic disorder and narcolepsy.
There are several other types of other drugs, such as selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, which are also used to treat these conditions and are therefore grouped with them.
Some people believe that stimulants can be used with some individuals with autism to reduce problem behaviours, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.
Specific CNS Stimulants
Specific selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors