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Vocational interventions are any activities that are designed to help people on the autism spectrum find, get and keep a job. They also include any activities which enable people with autism to improve the workplace experience and enhance their careers.
There are several different types of employment for people on the austism spectrum including
- Competitive employment: employees work in an integrated setting at minimum wage or higher and at a rate comparable to non-disabled workers performing the same tasks
- Segregated or secure employment: employees work in self-contained units and are not integrated with non-disabled employees
- Self-employment: employees work for themselves instead of working for somebody else
- Sheltered employment: employees work in self-contained units, sometimes alongside non-disabled employees
- Supported employment: employees get help to find and keep the right job alongside non-disabled people in competitive employment
There are also various techniques that are used within vocational interventions, either alone or in combination. Those techniques include
- job development, including helping someone find appropriate jobs
- job placement, including matching someone to an appropriate job
- job-site training, which involves on-site skill training
- assessment, which is an ongoing process to determine how the new worker is performing
- job retention, which involves advocacy and procedures to ensure long-term job maintenance
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About This Glossary
This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..
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The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.