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Glossary

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Glossary Item Description
α-Adrenergic-Antagonists

α-adrenergic-antagonists (alpha blockers) are a type of drug called adrenergic antagonists.

β-Adrenergic-Antagonists

β-adrenergic-antagonists (beta blockers) are a type of drug called adrenergic antagonists.

A to Z or A-Z method

The A to Z or A-Z  method is a form of video modelling, in which videos are used to teach a range of skills to individuals with autism, such as how to interpret facial expressions.

AAC

AAC is an acronym for augmentative and alternative communication, which refers to the different ways (other than speech) that people use to communicate with each other.

AAT

AAT is an acronym for animal-assisted therapy, which is any therapy that involves a person interacting with animals.

ABA

ABA is an acronym for applied behaviour analysis. ABA is also sometimes used to refer to some comprehensive, multi-component programmes (especially early intensive behavioural programmes such as the University of California at Los Angeles Young Autism Project model).

Abilify

Abilify is a brand name for aripiprazole, a type of antipsychotic medication sometimes used to treat problem behaviours in people on the autism spectrum.

Academic Skills

Academic skills are the skills needed to do well in an educational setting such as a school or university.

Acamprosate

Acamprosate is a drug which is used, along with counselling and social support, to help people who have stopped drinking large amounts of alcohol and to help them avoid drinking alcohol again.

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Acceptance and commitment therapy is a form of mindfulness-based therapy, theorising that greater well-being can be attained by overcoming negative thoughts and feelings.

Acetyl-l-carnitine

Acetyl-l-carnitine is another name for carnitine, a compound which helps in the consumption and disposal of fat in the body and which is sometimes taken as a nutritional supplement

Acetylcholine

Acetylcholine is a natural chemical which acts as a neurotransmitter in the peripheral nervous system and also in the central nervous system.

Acetylcysteine

Acetylcysteine is another term for cysteine, an amino acid that can be found in many proteins throughout the body.

Achieve! programme

The Achieve! programme is a points and level system adapted to meet the needs of children and young people with mild learning disabilities.

Across-Task Schedule

Across-task schedule is another name for visual schedule, a set of pictures that communicates a series of activities or the steps of a specific activity.

Action Research

Action research is either research initiated to solve an immediate problem or a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a 'community of practice' to improve the way they address issues and solve problems.

Active Support

Active support, is a person-centred model of support for people with learning disabilities that is grounded in applied behaviour analysis.

Activism

Activism is the doctrine or practice of vigorous action or involvement as a means of achieving political or other goals, sometimes by demonstrations, protests, and so on.

Actos

Actos is a brand name for pioglitazone, a drug which is used with a diet and exercise programme and sometimes with other drugs to treat type 2 diabetes.

Acupressure

Acupressure is an intervention which involves placing physical pressure on different acupuncture points on the surface of the body.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.