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Glossary Item Description

Calcium is a mineral found in many foods including dairy products, green leafy vegetables, soybean products, baked goods made from fortified flour and some nuts. It is sometimes taken as a supplement.

Calcium Pangamate

Calcium pangamate is another name for dimethylglycine (DMG), a derivative of the amino acid glycine.


CAM is an acronym for complementary and alternative medicine.

Camel Milk

Camel milk is a traditonal food used by the bedouin and other peoples in the Middle East.

Camphill Movement

The Camphill Movement runs communities in England and Wales which offer opportunities for people with special needs to live, learn and work with others of all abilities in an atmosphere of mutual care and respect.


Campral is a brand name for acamprosate, a drug used to help people avoid drinking alcohol again.

Canine Therapy

Canine therapy is another name for assistance dogs and also a type of pet therapy.


Carbamazepine is a type of anticonvulsant, a group of drugs designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Carbatrol is a brand name for carbamazepine, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Carbohydrates are simple organic compounds essential for many processes in living organisms found in many foodstuffs.

Carbolic Acid

Carbolic acid is another term for phenol, an aromatic compound found in foodstuffs such as apple juice, citrus fruit juice and chocolate.

Care Coordination

Care coordination is sometimes defined as the deliberate organisation of patient care activities between two or more participants involved in a patient's care to facilitate the appropriate delivery of health care services.

Care Home

Care home is another term for residential care, which refers to the care and support provided to individuals in a residential setting rather than in their own home or within the community.


Carnitine is an amino acid which helps in the consumption and disposal of fat in the body and which is sometimes taken as a nutritional supplement.


Carnosina is another term for carnosine, which is a naturally occurring dipeptide i.e. molecule consisting of two amino acids, found in the human body.


Carnosine is a naturally occurring dipeptide i.e. molecule consisting of two amino acids, found in the human body.


CARS is an acronym for the Childhood Autism Rating Scale, a measure used to identify children ages 2 years and older with autism.


Cartooning is the use of cartoons to enhance social understanding, for example, by drawing thought bubbles to show what someone is thinking.

Case Study

A case study is a study reporting observations on a single individual.


Casein is a protein found in dairy products such as milk, butter and yogurt.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.