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Glossary Item Description

Benzodiazepines are a form of anxiolytic drug, used to treat feelings of anxiety or nervousness caused by stress or psychological problems.


Benzatropine is an anticholinergic drug used to reduce the side effects of antipsychotic treatment, such as pseudoparkinsonism and dystonia.


Berberine is an alkaloid found in some plants which is sometimes used as an antifungal and antibiotic supplement.

Beta Blockers

Beta blockers is another term for β-adrenergic-antagonists, a type of drug called adrenergic antagonists.


Beta-alanyl-L-histidine is another term for carnosine, which is a naturally occurring dipeptide i.e. molecule consisting of two amino acids, found in the human body.


Beta-methyl-6-chloromelatonin is another term for melatonin, the hormone which regulates our biological clock.


BIACA is an acronym for Behavioral Interventions for Anxiety in Children with Autism, a version of the Building Confidence CBT programme which has been adapted to meet the needs of adolescents on the autism spectrum.


Bio Cranial Therapy

Bio cranial therapy is another name for craniosacral therapy, an intervention which uses very light touching to balance the craniosacral system in the body.

Biochemic Remedies

Biochemic remedies is another name for cell salts, a form of homeopathy in which tiny amounts of minerals, usually in the form of tablets, are taken.

Bioenergetic Sensitivity and Enzyme Therapy

Bioenergetic sensitivity and enzyme therapy is a treatment which incorporates energetic medicine, enzyme therapy and complete food and environmental allergy elimination.


Biofeedback is the general term for any therapeutic intervention that uses medical equipment to monitor a body function that is otherwise outside of our awareness.

Biologically-Based Interventions

Biologically-based interventions use substances found in nature, such as herbs, foods, and vitamins.


Biology is the science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution.


Biomedical is a very loose term that means different things to different people. In practice, most people use the term to refer to a group of interventions which are designed to stop, or at least reduce, the effect of biomedical problems (such as gastrointestinal abnormalities, immune dysfunctions, detoxification abnormalities, and/or nutritional deficiencies or imbalances).


Biotin (also known as vitamin H) is part of the B complex group of vitamins.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depression, is a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another.


The bladder is the organ in which urine is stored before it is discharged from the body.


Blinding is the process of preventing those involved in a trial from knowing to which comparison group a particular participant belongs.

Blood Brain Barrier

The blood brain barrier is a semi-permeable membrane separating the brain and cerebrospinal fluid from the blood.

Body Ecology Diet

The body ecology diet is a diet which was originally created to treat systemic fungal infections.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.