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Glossary Item Description

Naturalistic refers to a wide group of behavioural interventions which use the child's own interests as the starting point for treatment.


Naturopathy is a holistic system of medicine based on the belief that the body is capable of healing itself.

Nei Yang Gong

Nei Yang Gong is a mind-body intervention based upon the traditional Chinese Shaolin healing practice, Chanyi.

Neural Therapy

Neural therapy is the injection of local anesthetics into key parts of the body.

Neuro-Cognitive Therapy

Neuro-cognitive therapy is an intervention based on designing the appropriate ‘neurological environment' for the child.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming

Neuro-linguistic programming is based on changing the way you think about something in order to change the way you behave towards that thing.

Neuro-Respiratory Therapy

Neuro-respiratory therapy is another term for the Scotson Technique, an intervention based on 'correcting respiratory mechanics', that is, helping the individual breathe more easily.


Neuroleptics is another term for antipsychotics, a class of psychoative drugs used to treat a range of mental health problems including psychosis, anxiety and dementia.


Neurology is the branch of biology and medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the nervous system.


A neuron is a nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over long distances within the body.


Neuropsychotherapy is another term for cognitive training, an intervention which aims to improve or restore an individual's cognitive skills, such as the ability to pay attention.


Neurotensin is a hormone which modulates motility, relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, and blocks the stimulation of acid and pepsin secretion by the vagus nerve.


A neurotransmitter is a chemical found in the brain that sends signals from one neuron to another.


Neurotypical is a term sometimes used to describe people who are not on the autism spectrum.

NHS Information Standard

The NHS Information Standard is a certification programme for all organisations producing evidence-based health and care information for the public.


NICE is an acronym for the National Institute for Health and Care  Excellence, the independent, UK organisation responsible for providing national guidance on the promotion of good health and the prevention and treatment of ill health.


Nizoral is a brand name for ketoconazole, a type of antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections.


NLP is an acronym for neuro-linguistic programming, an intervention based on changing the way you think about something in order to change the way you behave towards that thing.

NMDA Receptor Antagonists

NMDA receptor antagonists are a class of anesthetics that work to antagonise (inhibit) the action of the N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR).

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are medications widely used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and bring down a high temperature (fever).

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.