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Glossary

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Glossary Item Description
Natural Language Paradigm

The natural language paradigm is a predecessor of pivotal response training, a form of training in which certain behaviours are considered to be 'pivotal', that is, crucial for other behaviours.

Natural Medicine

Natural medicine is another term for naturopathy, a holistic system of medicine based on the belief that the body is capable of healing itself.

Natural Products

Natural products include a variety of herbal medicines (also known as botanicals), vitamins, minerals, and other 'natural products' such as essential fatty acids.

Naturalistic

Naturalistic refers to a wide group of behavioural interventions which use the child's own interests as the starting point for treatment.

Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions

Naturalistic developmental behavioural interventions (NDBI) are interventions which are implemented in natural settings, involve shared control between child and practitioner, make use of natural oportunities for learning, and use a variety of behavioural strategies to teach developmentally appropriate skills.

Naturopathy

Naturopathy is a holistic system of medicine based on the belief that the body is capable of healing itself.

NDBI

NDBI is an acronym for naturalistic developmental behavioural interventions, interventions which are implemented in natural settings, involve shared control between child and practitioner, make use of natural oportunities for learning, and use a variety of behavioural strategies to teach developmentally appropriate skills.

Nei Yang Gong

Nei Yang Gong is a mind-body intervention based upon the traditional Chinese Shaolin healing practice, Chanyi.

Nemdatine

Nemdatine is a brand name for memantine, a drug in a class of medications called NMDA receptor antagonists.

Neural Organisational Technique

Neural organisational technique is another name for craniosacral therapy, an intervention which uses very light touching to balance the craniosacral system in the body.

Neural Therapy

Neural therapy is the injection of local anesthetics into key parts of the body.

Neuro-Cognitive Therapy

Neuro-cognitive therapy is an intervention based on designing the appropriate ‘neurological environment' for the child.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming

Neuro-linguistic programming is based on changing the way you think about something in order to change the way you behave towards that thing.

Neuro-Respiratory Therapy

Neuro-respiratory therapy is another term for the Scotson Technique, an intervention based on 'correcting respiratory mechanics', that is, helping the individual breathe more easily.

Neuroleptics

Neuroleptics is another term for antipsychotics, a class of psychoative drugs used to treat a range of mental health problems including psychosis, anxiety and dementia.

Neurology

Neurology is the branch of biology and medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the nervous system.

Neuron

A neuron is a nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over long distances within the body.

Neuropsychotherapy

Neuropsychotherapy is another term for cognitive training, an intervention which aims to improve or restore an individual's cognitive skills, such as the ability to pay attention.

Neurotensin

Neurotensin is a hormone which modulates motility, relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, and blocks the stimulation of acid and pepsin secretion by the vagus nerve.

Neurotransmitter

A neurotransmitter is a chemical found in the brain that sends signals from one neuron to another.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.