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Glossary

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Glossary Item Description
Parents Taking Action

Parents Taking Action is a comprehensive, multi-component treatment model for parents of Latino children on the autism spectrum based around the use of a promotora de salud (community health worker).

 

Paroxetine

Paroxetine is a type of SSRI antidepressant used to treat a variety of conditions including anxiety and depression.

Participatory Action Research

Participatory action research is sometimes defined as 'research with people rather than research on people.'

Participatory Research

Participatory research aims to produce knowledge and action relevant and useful to disadvantaged communities and, by building an in-depth understanding of the issue, support people to develop and utilise their own knowledge in ways that are accessible to them.

Pathological Demand Avoidance

Pathological demand avoidance syndrome (PDA) is a condition in which individuals resist and avoid the ordinary demands of life, using skillful strategies which are socially manipulative (distracting adults, using excuses, appearing to become physically incapacitated).

Patterning Therapies

Patterning therapies are a range of therapies based on a series of movement patterns which are designed to facilitate neurological feedback to the brain.

Paxil

Paxil is a brand name for paroxetine, a type of SSRI antidepressant, used to treat a variety of conditions including anxiety and depression.

PBS

PBS is an acronym for positive behavioural support, a process whereby individuals are assisted in acquiring adaptive, socially meaningful behaviours and encouraged to overcome maladaptive behaviours.

PDA

PDA is an acronym for pathological demand avoidance, a condition in which individuals resist and avoid the ordinary demands of life, using skillful strategies which are socially manipulative.

PDD

PDD is an acronym for pervasive developmental disorders, which is sometimes used as another term for autism spectrum disorders.

PDD (NOS)

PDD (NOS) is the acronym for pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified), also known as atypical autism.

PECS

PECS is an acronym for the Picture Exchange Communication System, an intervention which teaches the child to exchange a picture card for something the child likes and wants.

PEER

PEER is another term for the Peer Mediated Approach, a programme designed to teach non-autistic children the best way to help children on the autism spectrum.

Peer Mediated Approach

The Peer Mediated Approach is a programme designed to teach non-autistic children the best way to help children on the autism spectrum.

Peer Review

Peer review is a process for checking the quality and importance of reports of research. An article submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is reviewed by other experts in the area.

Peer-Led or Involved Interventions

Peer-led or peer-involved interventions is a term we  use to describe any intervention in which peers (individuals of a similar age or background) are actively involved in helping the recipients of the intervention.

PEERS

PEERS is an acronym for the the UCLA Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills, a multi-component social skills training intervention for adolescents and young adults on the autism spectrum.

PEGASUS programme

PEGASUS is the acronym for the PsychoEducational Groups for Autism Spectrum Understanding and Support programme.

Penguin for Autism Behavioral Interventions

The Penguin for Autism Behavioral Interventions (PABI) is a compact humanoid robot.

Peptide

A peptide is a small molecule consisting of 2 or more amino acids.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.