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|Parent-Child Interaction Therapy||
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is a treatment for young children that places emphasis on improving the quality of the parent-child relationship and changing parent-child interaction patterns.
Parenting efficacy is a parent's belief in their effectiveness as a parent.
|Parents of Autistic Children Training and Support||
Parents of Autistic Children Training and Support is a programme of early intensive behavioural intervention devised by the London Borough of Bexley.
|Parents Taking Action||
Parents Taking Action is a comprehensive, multi-component treatment model for parents of Latino children on the autism spectrum based around the use of a promotora de salud (community health worker).
Paroxetine is a type of SSRI antidepressant used to treat a variety of conditions including anxiety and depression.
|Participatory Action Research||
Participatory action research is sometimes defined as 'research with people rather than research on people.'
Participatory research aims to produce knowledge and action relevant and useful to disadvantaged communities and, by building an in-depth understanding of the issue, support people to develop and utilise their own knowledge in ways that are accessible to them.
PASS is an acronym for the Parent Mediated Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder in South Asia, a version of the Pre-school Autism Communication Trial (PACT) developed for use in low-income and middle-income countries.
|Pathological Demand Avoidance||
Pathological demand avoidance syndrome (PDA) is a condition in which individuals resist and avoid the ordinary demands of life, using skillful strategies which are socially manipulative (distracting adults, using excuses, appearing to become physically incapacitated).
|Pathways Early Autism Intervention||
The Pathways Early Autism Intervention is a community-based, parent-mediated, intensive behavioral and developmental intervention program for young children on the autism spectrum.
Patterning therapies are a range of therapies based on a series of movement patterns which are designed to facilitate neurological feedback to the brain.
Paxil is a brand name for paroxetine, a type of SSRI antidepressant, used to treat a variety of conditions including anxiety and depression.
PBS is an acronym for positive behavioural support, a process whereby individuals are assisted in acquiring adaptive, socially meaningful behaviours and encouraged to overcome maladaptive behaviours.
PDA is an acronym for pathological demand avoidance, a condition in which individuals resist and avoid the ordinary demands of life, using skillful strategies which are socially manipulative.
PDD is an acronym for pervasive developmental disorders, which is sometimes used as another term for autism spectrum disorders.
PDD (NOS) is the acronym for pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified), also known as atypical autism.
PECS is an acronym for the Picture Exchange Communication System, an intervention which teaches the child to exchange a picture card for something the child likes and wants.
PEER is another term for the Peer Mediated Approach, a programme designed to teach non-autistic children the best way to help children on the autism spectrum.
|Peer Mediated Approach||
The Peer Mediated Approach is a programme designed to teach non-autistic children the best way to help children on the autism spectrum.
Peer review is a process for checking the quality and importance of reports of research. An article submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is reviewed by other experts in the area.
This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
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The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.