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Glossary Item Description
Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children (STAT)

The Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children (STAT) is a screening tool designed to identify children between 24 and 36 months of age who may be on the autism spectrum.

Screening Tool for Autism in Two-Year-Olds

The Screening Tool for Autism in Two-Year-Olds (now known as Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children) is is a screening tool designed to identify children between 24 and 36 months of age who may be on the autism spectrum.

Screening Tools

Screening tools are used to help identify children who might have developmental delays, such as autism.


Scripting is a verbal and/or written description about a specific skill or situation that serves as a model for the learner.


Secretin is a gastrointestinal hormone that helps promote digestion of food.

Segregated Employment

Segregated employment describes employoment programmes in which employees work in self-contained units and are not integrated with non-disabled employees


A seizure is a sudden change in behaviour due to excessive electrical activity in the brain.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Enhancers

Selective serotonin reuptake enhancers (SSREs) are a type of antidepressant drug that enhance the reuptake of serotonin instead of inhibiting it, as in many other antidepressant drugs.

Self Advocacy

Self advocacy means taking action to say what you want, secure your rights, represent your interests and obtain services you need.

Self Awareness

Self awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognise oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.

Self Esteem

Self esteem is a term used to describe a person's overall sense of self-worth or personal value.

Self Injurious Behaviour

Self injurious behaviour is any behaviour, initiated by the individual, which directly results in physical harm to that individual.

Self Management

Self-management generally involves activities designed to change or maintain one’s own behaviour.

Self-Image Goals

Self-image goals are focused on how one's child reflects on oneself.

Self-Injurious Behavior Inhibiting System

The Self-Injurious Behavior Inhibiting System is a device designed to provide a brief electrical stimulation when it detects a blow to the head

Self-Regulated Strategy Development

The Self-Regulated Strategy Development approach combines instruction in specific strategies for creating genre-related content with training in self-regulation strategies.


Self-stimulation, also known as stimming, is any kind of repetitive or stereotypic behaviour.

Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder

Semantic-pragmatic disorder is a condition characterized by good grammatical language but lack of ability to use language in a socially appropriate manner.

SENSE Theatre

SENSE Theatre is an acronym for Social Emotional NeuroScience Endocrinology Theatre, a theatre-based intervention which aims to improve social interaction in young people on the autism spectrum.

Sensory Deprivation Therapy

Sensory deprivation therapy is another term for restricted environmental stimulation therapy, an intervention based around sensory deprivation, that is, minimising sensory inputs such as sound, lights and smells.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.