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Glossary Item Description

VIPP is an acronym for the Video Interaction to Promote Positive Parenting programme, which is an intervention in which the therapists work with parents using videofeedback to help them to understand and adapt to their infant's individual communication style to promote the best possible social and communicative development.

Virtual Communities

Virtual communities is another name for online communities (such as listservs, chatrooms, forums and websites).

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality is a form of technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment.

Vision Therapy

Vision therapy aims to normalise or improve visual abilities, such as focusing and tracking.

Visual Discomfort

Visual discomfort is another term for visual stress, a condition in which an individual cannot see clearly so the world seems disjointed, confused and scary.

Visual Integration Training

Visual integration training is an intervention designed to teach a person how to cope with his or her visual problems.

Visual Schedule

A visual schedule (also known as an activity schedule or a picture schedule) is a set of pictures that communicates a series of activities or the steps of a specific activity.

Visual Screening

Visual screening is an intervention which requires the therapist to briefly cover the eyes of the individual, using his or her hand or an object such as a cloth.

Visual Script

A visual script is a written or pictorial example of a phrase or a sentence children with disabilities can use to cue themselves regarding appropriate topics of conversation or other verbal interactions.

Visual Stress

Visual stress is a condition in which an individual cannot see clearly so the world seems disjointed, confused and scary.

Visual Support

Visual supports refer to the presentation of information in a visually structured manner i.e. using pictures and photos, to make it easier to understand.

Visualizing and Verbalizing for Language Comprehension and Thinking

Visualizing and Verbalizing for Language Comprehension and Thinking is a programme designed to instruct and improve reading comprehension, oral language comprehension and expression, written language expression, and critical thinking skills in individuals of all ages through the development of concept imagery.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. It is found in animal sources, such as eggs, meat, fish, milk, cheese.

Vitamin B-1

Vitamin B-1 (also known as thiamin, thiamine and aneurine) is one of the B group of vitamins.

Vitamin B-12

Vitamin B-12 is a water soluble vitamin which is important in the proper function of the nervous system and important in proper carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism.

Vitamin B-15

Vitamin B-15 is another name for dimethylglycine (DMG), a derivative of the amino acid glycine.

Vitamin B-6

Vitamin B-6 (also known as pyridoxine) is a water-soluble vitamin found in foodstuffs such as beans, nuts and cereals.

Vitamin B-9

Vitamin B-9 (also known as folacin, folate or folic acid) is a vitamin found in small amounts in many foods including broccoli, Brussels sprouts and peas.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin found in a small number of foods but we get most of our vitamin D from the action of sunlight on our skin.

Vitamin H

Vitamin H is another term for biotin, which is part of the B complex group of vitamins.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.