Showing 38 to 58 of 58 Results

Glossary Item Description

Borneol is an organic compound, extracted from the Malaysian tree Dryobalanops aromatica, and used in some perfumes and esters.


Botanicals are plants or plant parts valued for their medicinal or therapeutic properties, flavour, and/or scent.

Brain Balance programme

The Brain Balance programme is an intervention which aims to correct the supposed imbalance in the connections and function between and within the hemispheres (sides) of some children's brains.

Brain Gym

Brain Gym is a system of physical exercises designed to help individuals to overcome learning and behavioural problems.


Brain imaging methods, such as CT scans, allow neuroscientists to see inside the living brain.


BrainChild is an intervention based on a collection of active movements and games designed to work on the immature brain.

Breast feeding, extended

Extended breast feeding is an intervention designed to build the relationship between mother and child.

Brief Observation of Social and Communication Change

The Brief Observation of Social and Communication Change (BOSCC) is a tool designed to measure social interactions.

British Sign Language

British Sign Language is a sign language used by the deaf community and others in the United Kingdom and some other countries.

Broken Glass Theory

The broken glass theory is a theory which states that some of the social problems found in individuals with autism may be due to impaired mirror neurons.

Brushing Technique

The brushing technique applies rapid and firm pressure touch to the arms, hands, back, legs, and feet using a surgical brush.


BSL is an acronym for British Sign Language, a sign language used by the deaf community and others in the United Kingdom and some other countries.

Building Blocks

The Building Blocks programme is a form of early intensive behavioural intervention designed to help young children on the autism spectrum.

Building Confidence

Building Confidence is a family-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme for children ages 6 to 13 years with anxiety disorders, and their parents.

Built Environment

The built environment is sometimes defined as the human-made space in which people live, work, and undertake leisure activities on a day-to-day basis.


Bulimia is a type of eating disorder when you sometimes lose control and eat a lot of food in a very short amount of time (binging) and are then deliberately sick, use laxatives (medication to help you poo), restrict what you eat, or do too much exercise to try to stop yourself gaining weight.

Bulletin Board

A bulletin board is a form of online community used by people with autism and others to talk to one another.


Bullying is sometimes defined as behaviour that is: repeated; intended to hurt someone either physically or emotionally; often aimed at certain groups, eg because of race, religion, gender or sexual orientation.


Bumetanide is a diuretic drug sold under a variety of brand names inc. Bumex or Burinex.


Buspirone is an anxiolytic drug sold under a variety of brand names including BuSpar and Dividose.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.