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Aetiology is the science that deals with the causes or origin of disease, the factors which produce or predispose toward a certain disease or disorder
Affective Atunement is another term for holding therapy, an intervention which consists of forced holding by a therapist or parent until the child stops resisting or until a fixed time period has elapsed
|Affective or Mood Disorders||
Affective disorders (also known as mood disorders) are mental conditions (such as depression) characterised by dramatic changes or extremes of mood.
Ageing is the process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environmentally modulated.
Agitation is an unpleasant state of extreme arousal, increased tension, and irritability.
Agoraphobia is a fear of being in situations where escape might be difficult, or help wouldn't be available if things go wrong.
|Aided Language Modelling||
Aided language modelling is an intervention which consists of engaging the child in interactive play activities and providing models of use of augmentative and alternative communication symbols during play.
|Aided Language Stimulation||
Aided language stimulation is the term used for interventions designed to teach language and communication skills using alternative and augmentative modelling.
AIM HI is a combined, multi-component package of parent-delivered and child-focussed strategies designed to reduce behaviour problems in children on the autism spectrum aged 5-13.
AIT is an acronym for auditory integration training, an intervention in which a person with autism listens to a selection of music which has been modified.
AIT Plus is a form of therapy which combines AIT with light therapy and sound modulation.
Aldactone is a brand name for spironolactone, a type of medication called an aldosterone receptor antagonist.
Aldosterone is a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that is important for maintaining salt and water balance in the body.
An aldosterone antagonist is a compound that blocks the action of aldosterone, a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that is important for maintaining salt and water balance in the body.
The Alert Program is an intervention based around teaching to self-regulate their level of alertness so that they can respond appropriately to a variety of situations.
Allegron is a brand name for nortriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant,
The allergy-free diet requires you to avoid any foodstuffs, such as peanuts, which are known to cause you allergies.
|Allied Health Professionals||
Allied Health Professionals refers to a wide group of professionals who work alongside doctors and nurses within the health care system.
Allocation concealment is the process used to ensure that the person deciding to enter a participant into a randomised controlled trial does not know the comparison group into which that individual will be allocated.
Allopathy is another term for standard health care or conventional medicine, the medicine practiced by doctors and by allied health professionals (such as nurses, occupational therapists etc) which is based on sound scientific evidence.
This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.