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Glossary Item Description

BOOST-A is the acronym for The Better OutcOmes and Successful Transitions for Autism, an online transition planning programme which supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school.

Borage Oil

Borage oil is a herbal remedy which is sometimes taken as a dietary supplement.


Borax is a compound which occurs as a mineral in some alkaline salt deposits.


Borneol is an organic compound, extracted from the Malaysian tree Dryobalanops aromatica, and used in some perfumes and esters.


Botanicals are plants or plant parts valued for their medicinal or therapeutic properties, flavour, and/or scent.

Brain Balance programme

The Brain Balance programme is an intervention which aims to correct the supposed imbalance in the connections and function between and within the hemispheres (sides) of some children's brains.

Brain Gym

Brain Gym is a system of physical exercises designed to help individuals to overcome learning and behavioural problems.


Brain imaging methods, such as CT scans, allow neuroscientists to see inside the living brain.


BrainChild is an intervention based on a collection of active movements and games designed to work on the immature brain.

Breast feeding, extended

Extended breast feeding is an intervention designed to build the relationship between mother and child.

Brief Observation of Social and Communication Change

The Brief Observation of Social and Communication Change (BOSCC) is a tool designed to measure social interactions.


Brisdelle is a brand name for paroxetine, a type of SSRI antidepressant.

British Sign Language

British Sign Language is a sign language used by the deaf community and others in the United Kingdom and some other countries.

Broken Glass Theory

The broken glass theory is a theory which states that some of the social problems found in individuals with autism may be due to impaired mirror neurons.


Bromelain, which is derived from the stem and juice of the pineapple, is a mixture of enzymes that digest proteins.

Brushing Technique

The brushing technique applies rapid and firm pressure touch to the arms, hands, back, legs, and feet using a surgical brush.


BSL is an acronym for British Sign Language, a sign language used by the deaf community and others in the United Kingdom and some other countries.

Building Blocks

The Building Blocks programme is a form of early intensive behavioural intervention designed to help young children on the autism spectrum.

Building Confidence

Building Confidence is a family-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme for children ages 6 to 13 years with anxiety disorders, and their parents.

Built Environment

The built environment is sometimes defined as the human-made space in which people live, work, and undertake leisure activities on a day-to-day basis.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.