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Glossary Item Description
Emotional Shuttling

Emotional Shuttling is another term for holding therapy, an intervention which consists of forced holding by a therapist or parent until the child stops resisting or until a fixed time period has elapsed.


Employment is often defined as the state of having paid work.


Encephalitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the brain tissue. It is caused either by infection, usually viral, or by an autoimmune disease. If it is severe it can cause brain damage.


An endorphin is natural chemical which acts as a neurotransmitter, pain killer and sedative.

Energy Medicine

Energy medicine involves the manipulation of various energy fields, which may or may not be measurable.

Enhancing Interactions Program

The Enhancing Interactions program is an intervention designed to help parents of young children on the autism spectrum.

Enriched Environment

Enriched environment is another term for a multi-sensory environment, a specially designed space which contains equipment and materials designed to stimulate the senses.

Environmental Arrangement

Environmental arrangement alters the physical, social, or programmatic aspects of classrooms to increase task engagement, facilitate prosocial behaviors, and reduce or prevent the challenging behaviors of children and youth.

Environmental Enrichment

Environmental enrichment is a term used to describe interventions which incorporate targeted exposure to sensory stimuli to promote tolerance of stimuli in other contexts.

Environmental Modification

Environmental modification is the process of changing something outside the individual which may influence how that individual behaves.

Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization

Enzyme potentiated desensitization is a form of allergy treatment or immunotherapy which uses extremely small doses of allergens to desensitize people to their allergies.


Enzymes are proteins that control the speed of chemical reactions in your body.


EPA is an acronym for eicosapentaenoic acid, a type of omega-3 fatty acid found in some foodstuffs such as fish oil.


Epanutin is a brand name for phenytoin, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Epidemiology is the study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations.


Epigenetics refers to heritable changes in gene expression (active versus inactive genes) that does not involve changes to the underlying DNA sequence.


Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures, which were sometimes previously referred to as 'fits'.


Epilim is a brand name for sodium valproate, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Episenta is a brand name of sodium valproate, a type of anticonvulsant and mood stabilser medication.


Epitol is a brand name for carbamazepine, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.