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Glossary

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Glossary Item Description
Enhancing Interactions Program

The Enhancing Interactions program is an intervention designed to help parents of young children on the autism spectrum.

Enriched Environment

Enriched environment is another term for a multi-sensory environment, a specially designed space which contains equipment and materials designed to stimulate the senses.

Environmental Arrangement

Environmental arrangement alters the physical, social, or programmatic aspects of classrooms to increase task engagement, facilitate prosocial behaviors, and reduce or prevent the challenging behaviors of children and youth.

Environmental Modification

Environmental modification is the process of changing something outside the individual which may influence how that individual behaves.

Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization

Enzyme potentiated desensitization is a form of allergy treatment or immunotherapy which uses extremely small doses of allergens to desensitize people to their allergies.

Enzymes

Enzymes are proteins that control the speed of chemical reactions in your body.

EPA

EPA is an acronym for eicosapentaenoic acid, a type of omega-3 fatty acid found in some foodstuffs such as fish oil.

Epanutin

Epanutin is a brand name for phenytoin, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures, which were sometimes previously referred to as 'fits'.

Epilim

Epilim is a brand name for sodium valproate, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Epitol

Epitol is a brand name for carbamazepine, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Epsom Salts

Epsom salts is another name for magnesium sulphate.

Equetro

Equetro is a brand name for carbamazepine, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies

Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EEAT) is a term used to describe any kind of intervention based around the use of horses and/or the horses' environment.

Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy

Equine-assisted psychotherapy is an intervention in which one or more mental health professionals works with one or more clients and one or more horses to achieve specific psychological goals. 

EQUIP

EQUIP is an acronym for the Equipping Youth to Help One Another Programme, aimed at young offenders who have difficulties with moral reasoning, anger and social skills.

Escitalopram

Escitalopram is a type of SSRI antidepressant used to treat a range of conditions including anxiety and depression.

Eskalith

Eskalith is a brand name for lithium, a type of drug called a mood stabiliser.

Essential Fatty Acids

Essential fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids that cannot be created within the human body and must therefore be obtained from the diet.

Estrogen

Estrogen is another spelling of oestrogen, a hormone which is used to treat a range of medical issues in women.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.