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Glossary Item Description

Therapy is a medical term meaning the treatment of a disease or condition.

Therapy Dog

A therapy dog is trained to provide comfort and affection to people in long-term care, hospitals, retirement homes, schools, mental health facilities, and other stressful situations. 

Thiamin or Thiamine

Thiamin is another term for Vitamin B-1, one of the B group of vitamins.

Thiamine Tetrahydrofurfuryl Disulfidean

Thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfidean is a synthetic form of allithiamine, which is a disulfide derivative of thiamine (Vitamin B-1), a substance that occurs naturally in garlic


Thimerosal is a mercury-containing organic compound once widely used as a preservative in a number of biological and drug products, including many vaccines.


Thioridazine is a type of typical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and hostility.

Thiotic Acid

Thiotic acid is another name for alpha lipoic acid, an antioxidant that is manufactured in the human body.

Thought-Bubble Training

Thought-bubble training is a form of theory of mind training, an intervention which teaches individuals how to work out what other people may be thinking and feeling


Tianeptine is a type of antidepressant drug called a selective serotonin reuptake enhancer.


A tic is a condition in which a part of the body moves repeatedly, quickly, suddenly and uncontrollably.

Time Delay

Time delay is a brief delay which occurs between the opportunity to use a skill and any additional instructions or prompts.

Tinted Lens

A tinted lens is a type of coloured filter, used to block the wavelengths of light to which an individual is sensitive.


TJ-54 is another term for yokukansan, a traditional Asian herbal medicine.


TMS is an acronym for transcranial magnetic stimulation, a procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain.


Tofranil is a brand name for imipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression and also to prevent bedwetting in children.


Toileting is the act of helping someone to perform the actions of urinating or defecating including helping them to do so if they are unable to get out of bed or are incontinent.

ToM Training

ToM Training is another term for theory of mind training, an intervention which teaches individuals how to work out what other people may be thinking and feeling

Tomatis Method

The Tomatis method is a form of auditory integration in which a person with autism listens to a selection of music which has been modified.


Topamax is a brand name of an anticonvulsant drug called topiramate, which is designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Topiramate is a type of anticonvulsant drug designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.