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Glossary Item Description
Therapeutic Carriage Driving

Therapeutic carriage driving is an intervention in which the participant controls a horse while driving from a carriage seat or from a wheelchair in a carriage modified to accommodate the wheelchair.

Therapeutic Horseback Riding

Therapeutic horseback riding is primarily designed to improve physical, psychological, cognitive, and social skills, as well as to improve horsemanship skills.

Therapeutic Listening

Therapeutic listening is a training programme which includes a form of auditory integration training.

Therapeutic Parenting

Therapeutic parenting is a form of attachment therapy, an extremely controversial group of therapies designed to help children with attachment disorders.

Therapeutic Recreation

Therapeutic recreation (TR) is the provision of recreational services based on individuals’ interests to improve functioning and help individuals become as active, healthy and independent as possible

Therapeutic Recreation-Executive Function Program

The Therapeutic Recreation-Executive Function (TR-EF) Program  is a therapeutic recreation programme designed to improve executive function in people on the autism spectrum.

Therapeutic Touch

Therapeutic touch is an intervention in which the practitioner claims to alter the patient's energy field through an energy transfer that moves from the hands of the practitioner to the patient.

Therapeutic Writing

Therapeutic writing is a form of creative / expressive psychotherapy in which someone expresses their feelings through writing.


Theraplay is an alternative spelling of pheraplay, a form of relationship-based therapy, which uses play to emphasize the bond between parent and child.


Therapy is a medical term meaning the treatment of a disease or condition.

Therapy Dog

Therapy dog is another term for assistance dog, which is a dog that has been specially trained to act as a companion to the person with autism.

Thiamin or Thiamine

Thiamin is another term for Vitamin B-1, one of the B group of vitamins.

Thiamine Tetrahydrofurfuryl Disulfidean

Thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfidean is a synthetic form of allithiamine, which is a disulfide derivative of thiamine (Vitamin B-1), a substance that occurs naturally in garlic


Thimerosal is a mercury-containing organic compound once widely used as a preservative in a number of biological and drug products, including many vaccines.


Thioridazine is a type of typical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and hostility.

Thiotic Acid

Thiotic acid is another name for alpha lipoic acid, an antioxidant that is manufactured in the human body.

Thought-Bubble Training

Thought-bubble training is a form of theory of mind training, an intervention which teaches individuals how to work out what other people may be thinking and feeling


Tianeptine is a type of antidepressant drug called a selective serotonin reuptake enhancer.


A tic is a condition in which a part of the body moves repeatedly, quickly, suddenly and uncontrollably.

Time Delay

Time delay is a brief delay which occurs between the opportunity to use a skill and any additional instructions or prompts.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.