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Glossary Item Description
Amino Acid

Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins, the basic building blocks for life.

Amino Acid Therapy

Amino acid therapy is the use of amino acids, usually in the form of dietary supplements, for therapeutic purposes.


Amisulpride is a type of atypical antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophernia and psychosis.


Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics.

Amphotericin B

Amphotericin B is a type of antifungal medication.


The amygdala is an almond shaped mass of nuclei (mass of cells) located deep within the temporal lobe of the brain.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive neurodegenerative condition caused by the degeneration of motor neurons.


Anafranil is a brand name of clomipramine, a type of tricyclic antidepressant, used to treat a range of conditions including depression, phobias, obsessional disorders and cataplexy.


Anecdotal is a term which means subjective, usually unpublished, observations.


Aneurine is another term for Vitamin B-1, one of the B group of vitamins.

Angelman Syndrome

Angelman syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the nervous system and causes severe physical and intellectual disability.

Anger and Aggression

According to Mind 'Anger is a natural response to feeling attacked, injured or violated.

Animal-Assisted Activities and Therapies

Animal-assisted activities are a group of interventions in which animals and their handlers interact with one or more people for comfort or recreation.

Animal therapies (also known as pet therapy) are a group interventions which use a more formal, structured set of sessions to help people reach specific goals in their treatment.


Anoretic or anorexigenic drugs are used to help reduce the appetite.

Antecedent-Based Interventions

Antecedent-based interventions antecede (take place before) the behaviour that you wish to change.

Antiallergy Interventions

Antiallergy Interventions are a group of interventions which range from over-the-counter and prescription medications to vitamin therapy, nutritional supplements, and reduction of allergens in a person's surroundings

Antianxiety Drugs

Antianxiety drugs, another term for anxiolytics, are a class of drugs used to treat feelings of anxiety or nervousness caused by stress or psychological problems.


Antibiotics are a class of drugs used used to treat, and in some cases prevent, bacterial infections.


An antibody is a protein used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects like bacteria and viruses.


Antidiabetics are drugs which are used to treat the symptoms of diabetes.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.