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Glossary Item Description

ALM is an acronym for aided language modelling, an intervention which consists of engaging the child in interactive play activities and providing models of use of augmentative and alternative communication symbols during play.

Alpha Blockers

Alpha blockers is another name for α-adrenergic-antagonists, a type of drug called adrenergic antagonists.

Alternative Communication

Alternative communication systems are designed to replace standard means of communication.

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia.


Amantadine is a type of medication called an NMDA receptor antagonist.

Ambient Prism Lenses

Ambient prism lenses are used to help improve ambient vision, the visual system related to spatial organisation.

American Sign Language

American sign language is the sign language used by the deaf community and others in many parts of North America.

Amino Acid

Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins, the basic building blocks for life.

Amino Acid Therapy

Amino acid therapy is the use of amino acids, usually in the form of dietary supplements, for therapeutic purposes.


Amisulpride is a type of atypical antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophernia and psychosis.


Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics.

Amphotericin B

Amphotericin B is a type of antifungal medication.


The amygdala is an almond shaped mass of nuclei (mass of cells) located deep within the temporal lobe of the brain.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive neurodegenerative condition caused by the degeneration of motor neurons.


Anafranil is a brand name of clomipramine, a type of tricyclic antidepressant, used to treat a range of conditions including depression, phobias, obsessional disorders and cataplexy.


Anecdotal is a term which means subjective, usually unpublished, observations.


Aneurine is another term for Vitamin B-1, one of the B group of vitamins.

Angelman Syndrome

Angelman syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the nervous system and causes severe physical and intellectual disability.

Anger and Aggression

According to Mind 'Anger is a natural response to feeling attacked, injured or violated.

Animal-Assisted Activities and Therapies

Animal-assisted activities and therapies are a group of therapies that involve a person interacting with one or more animals.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.