Albert Ellis, an American psychologist, developed Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy in the 1950s. Aaron Beck, an American psychiatrist, developed Cognitive Therapy in the 1960s. In recent years, elements of these different therapies have been combined into cognitive behavioural treatment.
There are several multi-component CBT programmes designed for non-autistic children and young people (such as Building Confidence; Cool Kids; Coping Cat) which have since been adapted for use with children and young people on the autism spectrum.
There are several multi-component CBT programmes (such as Behavioral Interventions for Anxiety in Children with Autism; Exploring Feelings; Facing Your Fears) which were created specifically for use with children and young people on the autism spectrum.