Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Autism Ranking: Very strong positive evidence

Risks and Safety


There are no known adverse effects of cognitive behavioural therapy for people on the autism spectrum.


There are no known contraindications (something which makes a particular treatment or procedure potentially inadvisable) for CBT for people on the autism spectrum.  However, some authors have suggested that CBT may be less effective in people on the autism spectrum.  For example, Scattone and Mong (2013) suggested 

“There are several potential barriers limiting the effectiveness of CBT for this population, including difficulty regulating emotions, communication deficits (e.g., comprehension, literal interpretation), motivation, cognitive inflexibility, concrete thinking, executive function deficits, therapeutic generalization across settings, and ToM deficits” 

31 Oct 2017
Last Review
01 Mar 2017
Next Review
01 Mar 2020