Do girls have 'protection' from autism?
For years, scientists have reported a higher autism prevalence in males than in females. But do girls actually hold the key to future breakthroughs in autism research?
Most studies show about a 4:1 ratio in the prevalence of autism in boys compared with girls, meaning boys are four times as likely to receive an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis. In the past, this significant disparity was simply chalked up to a special susceptibility in boys. Only in the past five years have researchers seriously studied the potential underlying causes of this difference — and to date, our understanding is still fairly limited.
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- 23rd December 2015
- Live Science