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Medical marijuana: Review of the science and implications for developmental-behavioral pediatric practice.

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Authors
Scott E. Hadland, John R. Knight, Sion K. Harris
Title
Medical marijuana: Review of the science and implications for developmental-behavioral pediatric practice.
Journal
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Year
2015
Month
February
Volume
36
Issue
2
Page(s)
pp. 115-123.
Abstract Link
Read Abstract (New Window)
Publication Format
Journal Article
Efficacy Study/Review
Yes
Scientific Validity
Peer-Reviewed, Selective/Systematic Review
Comments
Please note: 1) The authors report several side-effects from using marijuana including 'Negative effects of marijuana include paranoia, anxiety, irritability, worsened short-term memory, poor attention, altered awareness of the passage of time, impaired judgment, decreased coordination and balance, and distorted spatial perception, all of which could arguably exacerbate symptoms' and 'Over the long-term, adolescent cannabis use may be associated with a decline in intelligence quotient (IQ).' 2) The authors conclude 'Given the current scarcity of data, cannabis cannot be safely recommended for the treatment of developmental or behavioral disorders at this time.' and 'In coming to the decision to use marijuana for medicinal purposes, all parties should be fully aware of the long-term hazards of regular cannabis use, recognize the lack of evidence on its efficacy in developmental and behavioral conditions, and incorporate this information into a careful risk-benefit analysis.'
Keywords
Adolescent / Secondary School Age, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Biomedical, Botanicals, Epidemiology, Intervention, Marijuana, Side Effects

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